A series of answers for my Tv/Film 2 class
In this clip from Anna Broinowski’s documentary; Forbidden Lies there is a number of different audio sources. This clip begins with non-diegetic music that is placed over the top of the visuals and has been sourced from somewhere outside of the movie’s onscreen ‘world’. Very subtly this music has been layered with a series of sound effects that have been used to enhance the visuals that are being screened. Firstly there is the intermittent sound of birds chirping and the noise of chimes and harps that are not synchronous to anything found on screen. Later in the clip there is also the familiar sound of a till opening ‘Ca-ching’, a camera’s flash and the turning of a page. These sounds are so clear that they have either been recorded properly in a studio or have been found from another source; such as an online sound effect website.
Throughout this clip, synchronous diegetic audio is also used to record the voices of the interviewee’s. Yet whilst the audio of the interviewee is being played, the visuals often skip to other clips that provide further evidence into what is being said. In this instance the audio is used as a link between different segments of the interview, to create a smoother editing cut.
The use of Foley also seems to be used to create sound effects for things that may be hard to find or create already. Such as the subtle sound of a scarf dropping or of a human’s body turning into sand.
As this is the first semester I have used Adobe premiere, I have a very basic understanding of the editing shortcuts. After editing a very short video of my travels last week and after much frustration of having to manually change my cursor, I researched the C- razor tool and V- selection tool. These were the only tools I used, so I have been keen to learn some more shortcuts.
Obviously the Z- zoom tool is another valuable shortcut as it allows you to zoom in on your workspace for more accuracy, and is more speedy then manually dragging out the scroll bar.
Command + R- is definately another tool I will find useful to use in the future as It allows control over the speed and duration of your clip. I personally love the slo-mo and fast motion capibilites of editing, as it often allows you to time your clips to the tempo of your chosen music or it can create a certain mood.
Command + G – allows you to group a number of clips together, so you can easily move them up and down your sequence work space. This means that if you know a group of clips work well together but don’t yet know where they will be positioned in your video, then you can group them together and make them one clip that is easier to move and wont be altered. (to ungroup shift+command+G)
Command + D – an obvious one but nontheless a crucial shortcut in speeding up your editing process. This function allows one to apply a video transition quickly. Shift + D can also be used for a default transition that you can personally select- which makes the process even faster!
Jean Ravel’s From a Distant Gaze (1964) conjures an overwhelming feeling of voyeurism. With cars intermittently crossing the camera’s frame, one can tell that the camera is positioned far away from the subjects it is filming. As the camera is hand-held and the lens is zoomed in, each movement is also more dramatic and jolty. Overall, I feel this adds to the ‘realness’ of the film, as it doesn’t look staged. In doing this I feel that viewers become more engaged, as what they are watching has not been artificially created and instead seems both naturalistic and amateur.
The hand-held feature also makes it easier for the camera to follow certain individuals, which pulls us further into our voyeurism. Continuously we see crowds of people walking in and out of frame, so as the camera begins to focus on one individual, we start to wonder, who are they? what are they doing? why are they doing that? among a sea of other questions. This aspect I find very intruiging as it mimicks the behaviour I sometimes do in every day life. Sitting in a cafe and people watching as they pass by, unknowingly focusing on individuals without even knowing it.
As very few people look at the camera it is also easier to watch. Firstly there is no awkward sense of creepily observing someone, and secondly no one is pretending to be something else. They are just merely being. I think thats what makes this film so interesting, it is the observation of someone living without them even knowing they were doing so. This seems purposeful in creating a realistic film that would intrigue viewers.
This weeks reading discusses the different ways an editor can manipulate time in a film, and the ethical implications that can arise when the original cause and effect sequence of events has been disrupted. It also discusses the ways in which an interview can be edited to create an emotionally engaging yet honest story. This can often be difficult when an interviewee produces long-winded or vague answers. This reminded me to always keep this in mind when creating interview questions and also conducting the interview itself. In requesting ‘more condensed answers’, we won’t be forced to let a long-winded interview play out and bore our viewers.
The reading also pointed out that it is easier to make a cut on a hard consonant such as t, b or v rather than soft consonant such as s or h. This is a great tip that I hadn’t already known and will be remembered when I am in the editing suites.